The Telegram application was created in 2013 by Nikolai and Pavel Durov, two opponents of the Russian government. At the time, the application’s purpose was to communicate far from the FSB’s eye, the country’s secret service.
Because the application was built on values of freedom of expression and the fight against oppression, it also attracted an audience it did not expect. The application is known to be used by some of the most radical political movements in the world.
On the other end, this increase was also attributed to another event. As The New York Times explains: “Far-right conspiracy theorists and insurrectionists have been flocking to Telegram in recent weeks after being banished from the big American social media platforms following the storming of the Capitol building in Washington by a mob supporting President Donald J. Trump, who himself was cut off from Facebook and Twitter.
In another article, The New York Times explains that Telegram is particularly popular for extreme movements because it mimics social media.
Telegram offers three main features:
It should be noted that Telegram tries its best to fight against the presence of extreme groups within its ranks. Its co-founder, Pavel Durov, declared having “dropped “hundreds“ of calls for violence on public channels“ in January 2021.
Telegram uses end-to-end encryption for its private conversations (channels, groups, messages, audio, video calls, media, and files exchanged). Technical information related to encryption can be found here.
Note that Telegram is offering up to $300,000 to anyone who successfully breaks its encryption: “All submissions which result in a change of code or configuration are eligible for bounties, ranging from $100 to $100,000 or more, depending on the severity of the issue.”
An approach that could perhaps evolve in 2021. On its site, the application states that “Telegram will introduce monetization in 2021 to pay for the infrastructure and developer salaries.”
Pavel Durov, the co-founder, explains it as follows: “A project of our size needs at least a few hundred million dollars per year to keep going. For most of Telegram’s history, I paid for the expenses of the company from my personal savings. However, with its current growth Telegram is on track to reach billions of users and to require appropriate funding.”
The new operation is based on:
The application also specifies that the data may be transferred to the parent company, Telegram Group Inc, located in the British Virgin Islands, and Telegram FZ-LLC, located in Dubai.
When deleting an account, all messages, media, contacts, and other related data are deleted.
In January 2021, Telegram surpassed 500 million active users. Along with Signal, it is one of the two most popular apps among disappointed WhatsApp users.
If there is no question here of doubting Telegram’s intentions, creating its advertising platform, just like the difficulty of controlling the most radical private groups, could make it a less attractive alternative to Signal in the long term. Only time will tell…